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Leonid Pasternak Self Portrait, 1916; Under a Lamp (Leo Tolstoy in his Family Circle) 1902; Leonid Pasternak's children, 1914 Born in Odessa to a poor innkeeper’s family of nine, Leonid Pasternak completed his gymnasium education in 1879. In 1889, he married and settled in Moscow, becoming the father of the well-known writer Boris Pasternak (Doctor Zhivago). After the October Revolution of 1917, Pasternak was commissioned to paint group portraits of Soviet leaders. Pasternak saw himself primarily as a Russian artist, and his art as universal rather than national. Among his more famous works is Tolstoi s sem’yoi (In the Lamplight: Tolstoy and Family; 1902). Although Pasternak’s connection to Russia was firm, in 1921 he left for Berlin where he associated with German Jewish artists such as Max Liebermann and Hermann Struck, and with Russian Jewish émigré circles. In 1938, fleeing the Nazis, he moved to London and then to Oxford, where he wrote his memoirs. Leonid Pasternak passed away #otd in 1945. #leonidpasternak #holocaust #survivor #refugee #art #jewishartist #russianjewish @jewishartandculture #tolstoy #leotolstoy

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